In Maryland, if you have a case in district court 9 times out of 10 the police has filed a Statement of Charges against you. In general, if you are arrested without a warrant, a Statement of Charges has to be filed in District Court. Md. Rule 4-211(b). The police have to, with the Statement of Charges, submit an affidavit containing facts showing probable cause that you committed the alleged crime. The affidavit has to include proof of every element of every offense alleged. A Commissioner, before the District Court stage, has the ability to deny probable cause for charges. Your attorney can also file a motion to dismiss charges for lack of probable cause at the District Court level.
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